~ Lessons ~

"Moral Character is a habit, not formed in a moment.

The great law of retribution acts in our memory

as remorse and at the final judgment."






Seek knowledge.

Be motivated by duty and honor.



Are idle hours and idle words subject to the

great law of retribution?



Enoch, Adoniram, Yehu-Aber, Satolkin,

the descent into the vault, the arch,

cube of agate, triangle of gold,

name of Deity


The Thirteenth Degree

"Royal Arch Of Solomon"

~ Summary ~


Men must find the truth within the caverns of their own

conscience. There is one great arch, or bridge which

makes the passage achievable, and allows us to master

our own vices and passions. That bridge is the will of

God. By seeking knowledge and moral character and

being guided by faith and reason, the Mason will know

how to combine science and religion, philosophy and

theology; and recognize that these notions do not

contradict each other, but form a harmonious whole.


The apron is of crimson velvet. Upon it is embroidered a triangle emitting rays, and in the middle a letter, an archaic form of the Semitic Yod. The color denotes the zeal and devotedness of a Royal Arch Mason. The triangle is the emblem of Deity, or Infinite Wisdom, Infinite Power and Infinite Harmony; the letter represents the Tetragammaton, the Name of God made known to Moses.



The cordon is a broad, watered purple ribbon worn from the right shoulder to the left hip from which is suspended a triangle of gold bars.


The jewel is a circular medal of gold, around which, on one side are the following letters, words and number: R, S, R, S, T, P, S, R, I, A, J, et S,

ANNO ENOCHI 2995. On the same side is an engraving of the ground with a rectangular hole in it into which two men are lowering a third with a rope. On the reverse side is a triangle emitting rays and in the middle of it the same letter as is on the apron. This medal is to be worn upon the chest, suspended by a narrow, white watered ribbon. The letters stand for:

Regnante Solomone, Rege Sapientissimo, Thesaurum Pretiosissimum Sub Ruinis Invenerunt Adonirum, Joabert, et Satolkin ... Anno Enochi 2995; or 'In the reign of Solomon, wisest of kings, Adonirum, Joabert and Satolkin found under the ruins the most precious treasure'. Let the emblem on the reverse side of the jewel always remind us that the good Mason reveres and adores the Grand Architect of the Universe, and endeavors, by pursuing the path of honor and duty, to perform the part assigned him in the world well and faithfully.



   "Like other degrees encountered in Scottish Rite Masonry, this degree is also known by other names: The Royal Arch of Enoch, the Royal Arch and the Royal Arch Ecossais (Scottish Royal Arch). It must be remembered that Albert Pike wrote the degrees of the Scottish Rite in the 19th century and in doing so, he selected, combined, deleted and elaborated material from the numerous and varied degrees existing at the time. The other names associated with this degree attest to both its heritage and its importance in Freemasonry.

     Ecossais is a French word, usually translated 'Scottish'; according to Mackey, it may also be translated as 'Scottish Master.' Under whatever name this particular degree may be found, it is essentially a legend accounting for the recovery of that which was lost. The older versions recount that the True Word was engraved on a triangular plate of gold that was cast into a dry well; but the new versions relate that the True Word, also engraved on a golden plate, was deposited in a purposely prepared place to be found centuries later by three masters.

     Enoch, also in a name of the degree, is an important Masonic character. He was an ancient Hebrew patriarch and predecessor of Solomon. From Genesis (5:24) we learn that his life was one of exceptional virtue; he is described "as walking with God." He is said to have lived 365 years, his earthly life ending not by death but by being bodily transported to Heaven (Genesis 5:23). We are told he received the gift of wisdom and knowledge from God and was learned in astronomy and astrology. Tradition tells us that God, seeing in Enoch a man of perfect virtue, elected to reveal to him His true name. After receiving it in a dream, Enoch's vision continued and he was conveyed vertically through nine arches into a subterranean vault which contained a triangular plate of gold upon which was written the name of God. Enoch took the dream as a sign from God and after a long journey through Canaan, or the Holy Land, he excavated nine apartments vertically into the earth each covered with an arch, the lowest hewn out of solid rock. In this apartment he placed an alabaster pedestal and mounted upon it a cube of agate into one side of which he had sunk a triangular plate of gold inscribed with the name of Deity - thus fulfilling the purpose of his vision.

    Above the apartments he built a modest temple of unhewn stones with a secret passage into the apartments under a stone with a ring through it.

     The Bible provides us with the reason for unhewn stones, for God decreed His altars to be such:

             And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone, for if thou lift up thy

             upon it, thou hast polluted it (Exodus 20:25).        

This passage also explains the prohibition against "the sound of axe, hammer, or any tool of iron" during the construction of King Solomon's Temple as related in Masonic tradition, which itself has a specific Biblical source (1 Kings 6:7).

    The legend provided in the Liturgy explains that during the construction of King Solomon's Temple an administration center was needed. The site chosen for this center was unknowingly that of Enoch's original temple. It was believed that the ruins were of an ancient pagan temple. During the removal of the ruins, the secret passage was discovered. Adoniram and two of his assistants (Yehu-Aber and Satolkin) successively lowered each other into the dark vertical passage, each reaching farther than the one before him. Finally, Adoniram himself reached the ninth apartment where he discovered the treasure left there by Enoch.

    The next day the three Master Architects returned and removed the cube of agate which they conveyed to King Solomon who immediately recognized the word engraved upon the golden plate in its side as the Ineffable Name of Deity. According to tradition, Solomon knew the word because he had received it from his father, David, who had received it from the prophet Samuel. Solomon created this degree, it is said, to reward the zeal and dedication of the discoverers of this great treasure.

     In Hebrew, the name Enoch is Henoch and means: initiate, instruct, teach and dedicate. In the Koran of the Moslems, Enoch is called 'Edris,' derived from a word which means to read or to study with attention. In Freemasonry Enoch, therefore, has become a symbol of initiation and the acquisition of knowledge." (pp. 88-90)



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Ill. David A. Yarborough, 33, General Secretary

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This Website was last updated on  November 23, 2012